Canadian Coin Grading


Victoria 1 Cent Coins
(Laureate Effigy)
(1858-1859)


This page describes the criteria used to assign grades to 1 cent Canadian circulation coins which use the "Laureate" portrait of Queen Victoria, issued between 1858 and 1859. It also shows sample images of each grade.

All photos used here were taken of coins that have been professionally graded by companies like PCGS, NGC, ICCS, CCCS, ANACS, or ICG.


NOTE: Click on any photo to load a much larger version of both the obverse and reverse sides of the graded coin. Once that photo has loaded on screen, if you click it again you will see a huge photo which allows you to see every fine detail.



Quick Links to the Desired Grade

(NOTE If the cell background is yellow, it means a photo has not been found yet):
 
 
 
 
 




P-1 (Poor 1)



- All that is showing is a silhouette. You might not even see the entire outline of the portrait.

- Most, if not all, of the rim has worn completely flat.

- Most of the lettering around the rim has partially or completely worn off.

- You may not be able to determine the date, but should be able to determine the denomination by the outline of the portrait, the diameter, approximate weight and type of metal of the coin. At this grade the weight may not be a match to the specifications because so much of the metal has worn away.

F-2 (Fair 2)



- Some details are visible.

- Portions of the rim are visible.

- Most of the lettering around the rim has partially or completely worn off, but more is visible than on a P-1 coin.

- You may not be able to determine the date, but should be able to determine the denomination by the outline of the portrait, the diameter, approximate weight and type of metal of the coin. At this grade the weight may not be a match to the specifications because so much of the metal has worn away.

AG-3 (About Good 3)



- All that is showing is a silhouette.

- Most of the rim denticles are intact, although heavily worn.

- Some of the lettering around the rim has partially or completely worn off.

G-4 (Good 4)



OBVERSE:
- The braid, laurel wreath, top knot and facial features are worn through.

- All that is left of the portrait is a silhouette with the slightest traces of the ear and eye.
REVERSE:
- The wreath is almost worn through and the legend is considerably worn.
- Rim beads are heavily blurred

G-6 (Good 6)



The details described in G-4 are slightly more pronounced.

VG-8 (Very Good 8)



- No detail in the braid around the ear.

- Only the outline of the laurel wreath is visible.

- Only traces of the hair detail is visible.

VG-10 (Very Good 10)



- No detail in the braid around the ear.

- Only the outline of the laurel wreath is visible.

- Only traces of the hair detail is visible.

F-12 (Fine 12)



- The details described in F-15 are slightly less pronounced.

F-15 (Fine 15)



- The braid, laurel wreath and top knot show dramatic loss of detail.

- Braiding has begun to run together.

- The two twists of the top knot are merging.

- The central leaves of the laurel wreath show pronounced signs of wear.

VF-20 (Very Fine 20)



- The braid, laurel wreath and top knot show pronounced loss of detail.

- The design, while present, is losing sharpness.

- The braid from the start to down around the ear is beginning to blur and flatten.

VF-25 (Very Fine 25)



- The braid, laurel wreath and top knot show slightly more detail than on a VF-25 coin.

- The design, while present, is losing sharpness.

- The braid from the start to down around the ear is beginning to blur and flatten.

VF-30 (Very Fine 30)



- The braid, laurel wreath and top knot show very noticeable loss of detail.

- The design, while present, is losing sharpness.

- The braid from the start to down around the ear is just beginning to blur and flatten.

VF-35 (Very Fine 35)



Most of the details described in VF-30 are slightly more pronounced.

EF-40 or XF-40 (Extra Fine 40)



- Hair on the first strand of braid has lost detail, but the braid itself is generally sharp and clear.

- The eyebrow and both twists of the top knot show loss of detail.

EF-45 or XF-45 (Extra Fine 45)



- Hair on the first strand of braid has lost some detail, but the braid itself is generally sharp and clear.

- The eyebrow and both twists of the top knot show loss of detail.

AU-50 (About Uncirculated 50)



- Some traces of wear appear on all high points.

- 60 to 70% of the lustre is present.

- Mint lustre has been disturbed in the fields around the design.

AU-53 (About Uncirculated 53)



- Some traces of wear appear on all high points.

- 60 to 70% of the lustre is present.

- Mint lustre has been disturbed in the fields around the design.

AU-55 (About Uncirculated 55)



- Some traces of wear appear on all high points.

- 60 to 70% of the lustre is present.

- Mint lustre has been disturbed in the fields around the design.

AU-58 (About Uncirculated 58)



- Some traces of wear appear on all high points.

- 70 to 80% of the lustre is present.

- Mint lustre has been disturbed in the fields around the design.

MS-60 (Mint State 60)



- No traces of wear anywhere.

- Contact or handling marks (bag marks) may be present on all parts of the design.

- Lustre may be disturbed, but is present to a high degree.

- In some coins the strike may be weak.

MS-61 (Mint State 61)



- The details described in MS-60 are slightly better. - More marks and/or multiple large abrasions than on an MS-62 coin.

MS-62 (Mint State 62)



- No traces of wear anywhere.

- Contact or handling marks (bag marks) may be present on all parts of the design.

- Lustre may be disturbed, but is present to a high degree.

- In some coins the strike may be weak.

MS-63 (Mint State 63)



- No trace of wear anywhere.

- May have minor contact marks and blemishes.

- Typical strike strength and original mint lustre.

MS-64 (Mint State 64)



- No trace of wear anywhere.

- May have minor contact marks and blemishes.

- Typical strike strength and original mint lustre.

MS-65 (Mint State 65)



- No trace of wear anywhere.

- May have minor contact marks and blemishes.

- Typical strike strength and original mint lustre.

MS-66 (Mint State 66)



- No trace of wear anywhere. A nearly perfect coin.

- May have minor hairlines or handling contact marks in secondary areas ONLY.

- Full original mint lustre must be present.


MS-67 (Mint State 67)



- No trace of wear anywhere.

- May have minor hairlines or handling contact marks in secondary areas ONLY.

- Full original mint lustre must be present.

- An almost perfect coin.




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